Aditya Narayan comes from a musical family. His father is the playback singer Udit Narayan, and his mother Deepa Narayan, his grandfather Hari Krishna Jha and his grandmother Bhuvaneshwari Jha are all musically inclined. He went to Utpal shanghvi school. He was born at Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai and he is still a resident of Mumbai.Narayan's first playback song was for the Nepalese movie Mohini in 1992  and then a Hindi movie Rangeela with Asha Bhosle. Later in 1995 he performed a song for Akele Hum Akele Tum along with his father, Udit Narayan. His acting career as a child began when Narayan was spotted by producer and director Subhash Ghai at the 1995 Filmfare Award function, as the final performer for the "Little Wonders" troupe. Ghai then signed him for his forthcoming film Pardes, starring Shah Rukh Khan and Mahima Chaudhary. His second film was Jab Pyaar Kisise Hota Hai starring Salman Khan and Twinkle Khanna. Narayan's role as Kabir Dhanrajgir earned him a Best Supporting Actor nomination at the 1999 Zee Cine Awards. As a child artist, Narayan performed more than 100 songs and also released the album Aditya at Polygram Music (now Universal Music). His most successful song was "Chhota Baccha Jaan Ke" from the film Masoom in 1996. It also earned him his first major film award, the Screen Awards critics' Best Child Singer in 1997. He also received a special jury award at the Screen Awards as best child singer for the same song. In 2006 he completed a diploma in English contemporary music at Tech Music Schools, in London. On his return to India, he was called to audition for Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Challenge 2007, and he became the anchor for that show. In April/May 2008 he toured North America and the West Indies, giving concerts together with his father, Udit Narayan.